File : a-except.ads
-- GNAT RUN-TIME COMPONENTS --
-- A D A . E X C E P T I O N S --
-- S p e c --
-- $Revision: 1.52 $
-- Copyright (C) 1992-2002 Free Software Foundation, Inc. --
-- This specification is derived from the Ada Reference Manual for use with --
-- GNAT. The copyright notice above, and the license provisions that follow --
-- apply solely to the contents of the part following the private keyword. --
-- GNAT is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under --
-- terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Soft- --
-- ware Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option) any later ver- --
-- sion. GNAT is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITH- --
-- OUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY --
-- or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License --
-- for more details. You should have received a copy of the GNU General --
-- Public License distributed with GNAT; see file COPYING. If not, write --
-- to the Free Software Foundation, 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, --
-- MA 02111-1307, USA. --
-- As a special exception, if other files instantiate generics from this --
-- unit, or you link this unit with other files to produce an executable, --
-- this unit does not by itself cause the resulting executable to be --
-- covered by the GNU General Public License. This exception does not --
-- however invalidate any other reasons why the executable file might be --
-- covered by the GNU Public License. --
-- GNAT was originally developed by the GNAT team at New York University. --
-- It is now maintained by Ada Core Technologies Inc (http://www.gnat.com). --
pragma Polling (Off);
-- We must turn polling off for this unit, because otherwise we get
-- elaboration circularities with ourself.
package Ada.Exceptions is
type Exception_Id is private;
Null_Id : constant Exception_Id;
type Exception_Occurrence is limited private;
type Exception_Occurrence_Access is access all Exception_Occurrence;
Null_Occurrence : constant Exception_Occurrence;
function Exception_Name (X : Exception_Occurrence) return String;
-- Same as Exception_Name (Exception_Identity (X))
function Exception_Name (Id : Exception_Id) return String;
procedure Raise_Exception (E : Exception_Id; Message : String := "");
-- Note: it would be really nice to give a pragma No_Return for this
-- procedure, but it would be wrong, since Raise_Exception does return
-- if given the null exception. However we do special case the name in
-- the test in the compiler for issuing a warning for a missing return
-- after this call. Program_Error seems reasonable enough in such a case.
-- See also the routine Raise_Exception_Always in the private part.
function Exception_Message (X : Exception_Occurrence) return String;
procedure Reraise_Occurrence (X : Exception_Occurrence);
-- Note: it would be really nice to give a pragma No_Return for this
-- procedure, but it would be wrong, since Reraise_Occurrence does return
-- if the argument is the null exception occurrence. See also procedure
-- Reraise_Occurrence_Always in the private part of this package.
function Exception_Identity (X : Exception_Occurrence) return Exception_Id;
function Exception_Information (X : Exception_Occurrence) return String;
-- The format of the exception information is as follows:
-- exception name (as in Exception_Name)
-- message (or a null line if no message)
-- 0xyyyyyyyy 0xyyyyyyyy ...
-- The lines are separated by a ASCII.LF character
-- The nnnn is the partition Id given as decimal digits.
-- The 0x... line represents traceback program counter locations,
-- in order with the first one being the exception location.
-- Note on ordering: the compiler uses the Save_Occurrence procedure, but
-- not the function from Rtsfind, so it is important that the procedure
-- come first, since Rtsfind finds the first matching entity.
(Target : out Exception_Occurrence;
Source : Exception_Occurrence);
(Source : Exception_Occurrence)
package SSL renames System.Standard_Library;
subtype EOA is Exception_Occurrence_Access;
Exception_Msg_Max_Length : constant := 200;
-- Exception_Id --
subtype Code_Loc is System.Address;
-- Code location used in building exception tables and for call
-- addresses when propagating an exception (also traceback table)
-- Values of this type are created by using Label'Address or
-- extracted from machine states using Get_Code_Loc.
Null_Loc : constant Code_Loc := System.Null_Address;
-- Null code location, used to flag outer level frame
type Exception_Id is new SSL.Exception_Data_Ptr;
function EId_To_String (X : Exception_Id) return String;
function String_To_EId (S : String) return Exception_Id;
pragma Stream_Convert (Exception_Id, String_To_EId, EId_To_String);
-- Functions for implementing Exception_Id stream attributes
Null_Id : constant Exception_Id := null;
-- Private Subprograms --
function Current_Target_Exception return Exception_Occurrence;
-- This routine should return the current raised exception on targets
-- which have built-in exception handling such as the Java Virtual
-- Machine. For other targets this routine is simply ignored. Currently,
-- only JGNAT uses this. See 4jexcept.ads for details. The pragma Export
-- allows this routine to be accessed elsewhere in the run-time, even
-- though it is in the private part of this package (it is not allowed
-- to be in the visible part, since this is set by the reference manual).
function Exception_Name_Simple (X : Exception_Occurrence) return String;
-- Like Exception_Name, but returns the simple non-qualified name of
-- the exception. This is used to implement the Exception_Name function
-- in Current_Exceptions (the DEC compatible unit). It is called from
-- the compiler generated code (using Rtsfind, which does not respect
-- the private barrier, so we can place this function in the private
-- part where the compiler can find it, but the spec is unchanged.)
procedure Raise_Exception_Always (E : Exception_Id; Message : String := "");
pragma No_Return (Raise_Exception_Always);
pragma Export (Ada, Raise_Exception_Always, "__gnat_raise_exception");
-- This differs from Raise_Exception only in that the caller has determined
-- that for sure the parameter E is not null, and that therefore the call
-- to this procedure cannot return. The expander converts Raise_Exception
-- calls to Raise_Exception_Always if it can determine this is the case.
-- The Export allows this routine to be accessed from Pure units.
procedure Raise_No_Msg (E : Exception_Id);
pragma No_Return (Raise_No_Msg);
-- Raises an exception with no message with given exception id value.
-- Abort is deferred before the raise call.
(E : Exception_Id;
M : SSL.Big_String_Ptr);
pragma No_Return (Raise_From_Signal_Handler);
-- This routine is used to raise an exception from a signal handler.
-- The signal handler has already stored the machine state (i.e. the
-- state that corresponds to the location at which the signal was
-- raised). E is the Exception_Id specifying what exception is being
-- raised, and M is a pointer to a null-terminated string which is the
-- message to be raised. Note that this routine never returns, so it is
-- permissible to simply jump to this routine, rather than call it. This
-- may be appropriate for systems where the right way to get out of a
-- signal handler is to alter the PC value in the machine state or in
-- some other way ask the operating system to return here rather than
-- to the original location.
(E : Exception_Id;
M : SSL.Big_String_Ptr);
pragma Export (Ada, Raise_With_C_Msg, "ada__exceptions__raise_with_c_msg");
pragma No_Return (Raise_With_C_Msg);
-- Raises an exception with with given exception id value and message.
-- M is a null terminated string with the message to be raised. Abort
-- is deferred before the raise call.
procedure Reraise_Occurrence_Always (X : Exception_Occurrence);
pragma No_Return (Reraise_Occurrence_Always);
-- This differs from Raise_Occurrence only in that the caller guarantees
-- that for sure the parameter X is not the null occurrence, and that
-- therefore this procedure cannot return. The expander uses this routine
-- in the translation of a raise statement with no parameter (reraise).
procedure Reraise_Occurrence_No_Defer (X : Exception_Occurrence);
pragma No_Return (Reraise_Occurrence_No_Defer);
-- Exactly like Reraise_Occurrence, except that abort is not deferred
-- before the call and the parameter X is known not to be the null
-- occurrence. This is used in generated code when it is known
-- that abort is already deferred.
(SDP_Addresses : System.Address;
SDP_Count : Natural;
Elab_Addresses : System.Address;
Elab_Addr_Count : Natural);
pragma Export (C, SDP_Table_Build, "__gnat_SDP_Table_Build");
-- This is the routine that is called to build and sort the list of
-- subprogram descriptor pointers. In the normal case it is called
-- once at the start of execution, but it can also be called as part
-- of the explicit initialization routine (adainit) when there is no
-- Ada main program. In particular, in the case where multiple Ada
-- libraries are present, this routine can be called more than once
-- for each library, in which case it augments the previously set
-- table with the new entries specified by the parameters.
-- SDP_Addresses Address of the start of the list of addresses of
-- __gnat_unit_name__SDP values constructed for each
-- unit, (see System.Exceptions).
-- SDP_Count Number of entries in SDP_Addresses
-- Elab_Addresses Address of the start of a list of addresses of
-- generated Ada elaboration routines, as well as
-- one extra entry for the generated main program.
-- These are used to generate the dummy SDP's that
-- mark the outer scope.
-- Elab_Addr_Count Number of entries in Elab_Addresses
pragma Export (C, Break_Start, "__gnat_break_start");
-- This is a dummy procedure that is called at the start of execution.
-- Its sole purpose is to provide a well defined point for the placement
-- of a main program breakpoint. We put the routine in Ada.Exceptions so
-- that the standard mechanism of always stepping up from breakpoints
-- within Ada.Exceptions leaves us sitting in the main program.
-- Polling Interface --
-- The GNAT compiler has an option to generate polling calls to the Poll
-- routine in this package. Specifying the -gnatP option for a compilation
-- causes a call to Ada.Exceptions.Poll to be generated on every subprogram
-- entry and on every iteration of a loop, thus avoiding the possibility of
-- a case of unbounded time between calls.
-- This polling interface may be used for instrumentation or debugging
-- purposes (e.g. implementing watchpoints in software or in the debugger).
-- In the GNAT technology itself, this interface is used to implement
-- immediate aynschronous transfer of control and immediate abort on
-- targets which do not provide for one thread interrupting another.
-- Note: this used to be in a separate unit called System.Poll, but that
-- caused horrible circular elaboration problems between System.Poll and
-- Ada.Exceptions. One way of solving such circularities is unification!
-- Check for asynchronous abort. Note that we do not inline the body.
-- This makes the interface more useful for debugging purposes.
-- Exception_Occurrence --
Max_Tracebacks : constant := 50;
-- Maximum number of trace backs stored in exception occurrence
type Tracebacks_Array is array (1 .. Max_Tracebacks) of Code_Loc;
-- Traceback array stored in exception occurrence
type Exception_Occurrence is record
Id : Exception_Id;
-- Exception_Identity for this exception occurrence
-- WARNING System.System.Finalization_Implementation.Finalize_List
-- relies on the fact that this field is always first in the exception
Msg_Length : Natural := 0;
-- Length of message (zero = no message)
Msg : String (1 .. Exception_Msg_Max_Length);
-- Characters of message
Cleanup_Flag : Boolean;
-- The cleanup flag is normally False, it is set True for an exception
-- occurrence passed to a cleanup routine, and will still be set True
-- when the cleanup routine does a Reraise_Occurrence call using this
-- exception occurrence. This is used to avoid recording a bogus trace
-- back entry from this reraise call.
Exception_Raised : Boolean := False;
-- Set to true to indicate that this exception occurrence has actually
-- been raised. When an exception occurrence is first created, this is
-- set to False, then when it is processed by Raise_Current_Exception,
-- it is set to True. If Raise_Current_Exception is used to raise an
-- exception for which this flag is already True, then it knows that
-- it is dealing with the reraise case (which is useful to distinguish
-- for exception tracing purposes).
Pid : Natural;
-- Partition_Id for partition raising exception
Num_Tracebacks : Natural range 0 .. Max_Tracebacks := 0;
-- Number of traceback entries stored
Tracebacks : Tracebacks_Array;
-- Stored tracebacks (in Tracebacks (1 .. Num_Tracebacks))
function "=" (Left, Right : Exception_Occurrence) return Boolean
-- Don't allow comparison on exception occurrences, we should not need
-- this, and it would not work right, because of the Msg and Tracebacks
-- fields which have unused entries not copied by Save_Occurrence.
function EO_To_String (X : Exception_Occurrence) return String;
function String_To_EO (S : String) return Exception_Occurrence;
pragma Stream_Convert (Exception_Occurrence, String_To_EO, EO_To_String);
-- Functions for implementing Exception_Occurrence stream attributes
Null_Occurrence : constant Exception_Occurrence := (
Id => Null_Id,
Msg_Length => 0,
Msg => (others => ' '),
Cleanup_Flag => False,
Exception_Raised => False,
Pid => 0,
Num_Tracebacks => 0,
Tracebacks => (others => Null_Loc));