File : s-osinte.ads


------------------------------------------------------------------------------
--                                                                          --
--                GNU ADA RUN-TIME LIBRARY (GNARL) COMPONENTS               --
--                                                                          --
--                   S Y S T E M . O S _ I N T E R F A C E                  --
--                                                                          --
--                                  S p e c                                 --
--                                                                          --
--                             $Revision: 1.28 $
--                                                                          --
--          Copyright (C) 1991-2001 Free Software Foundation, Inc.          --
--                                                                          --
-- GNARL is free software; you can  redistribute it  and/or modify it under --
-- terms of the  GNU General Public License as published  by the Free Soft- --
-- ware  Foundation;  either version 2,  or (at your option) any later ver- --
-- sion. GNARL is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITH- --
-- OUT ANY WARRANTY;  without even the  implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY --
-- or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License --
-- for  more details.  You should have  received  a copy of the GNU General --
-- Public License  distributed with GNARL; see file COPYING.  If not, write --
-- to  the Free Software Foundation,  59 Temple Place - Suite 330,  Boston, --
-- MA 02111-1307, USA.                                                      --
--                                                                          --
-- As a special exception,  if other files  instantiate  generics from this --
-- unit, or you link  this unit with other files  to produce an executable, --
-- this  unit  does not  by itself cause  the resulting  executable  to  be --
-- covered  by the  GNU  General  Public  License.  This exception does not --
-- however invalidate  any other reasons why  the executable file  might be --
-- covered by the  GNU Public License.                                      --
--                                                                          --
-- GNARL was developed by the GNARL team at Florida State University. It is --
-- now maintained by Ada Core Technologies Inc. in cooperation with Florida --
-- State University (http://www.gnat.com).                                  --
--                                                                          --
------------------------------------------------------------------------------

--  This is a GNU/Linux (FSU THREADS) version of this package.

--  This package encapsulates all direct interfaces to OS services
--  that are needed by children of System.

--  PLEASE DO NOT add any with-clauses to this package
--  or remove the pragma Elaborate_Body.
--  It is designed to be a bottom-level (leaf) package.

with Interfaces.C;
package System.OS_Interface is
   pragma Preelaborate;

   pragma Linker_Options ("-lgthreads");
   pragma Linker_Options ("-lmalloc");

   subtype int            is Interfaces.C.int; 
   subtype short          is Interfaces.C.short; 
   subtype long           is Interfaces.C.long; 
   subtype unsigned       is Interfaces.C.unsigned; 
   subtype unsigned_short is Interfaces.C.unsigned_short; 
   subtype unsigned_long  is Interfaces.C.unsigned_long; 
   subtype unsigned_char  is Interfaces.C.unsigned_char; 
   subtype plain_char     is Interfaces.C.plain_char; 
   subtype size_t         is Interfaces.C.size_t; 

   -----------
   -- Errno --
   -----------

   function errno return int; 
   pragma Import (C, errno, "__get_errno");

   EAGAIN    : constant := 11; 
   EINTR     : constant := 4; 
   EINVAL    : constant := 22; 
   ENOMEM    : constant := 12; 
   ETIMEDOUT : constant := 110; 

   -------------
   -- Signals --
   -------------

   Max_Interrupt : constant := 31; 
   type Signal is new int range 0 .. Max_Interrupt; 
   for Signal'Size use int'Size;

   SIGHUP     : constant := 1; --  hangup 
   SIGINT     : constant := 2; --  interrupt (rubout) 
   SIGQUIT    : constant := 3; --  quit (ASCD FS) 
   SIGILL     : constant := 4; --  illegal instruction (not reset) 
   SIGTRAP    : constant := 5; --  trace trap (not reset) 
   SIGIOT     : constant := 6; --  IOT instruction 
   SIGABRT    : constant := 6; --  used by abort, replace SIGIOT in the  future 
   SIGFPE     : constant := 8; --  floating point exception 
   SIGKILL    : constant := 9; --  kill (cannot be caught or ignored) 
   SIGBUS     : constant := 7; --  bus error 
   SIGSEGV    : constant := 11; --  segmentation violation 
   SIGPIPE    : constant := 13; --  write on a pipe with no one to read it 
   SIGALRM    : constant := 14; --  alarm clock 
   SIGTERM    : constant := 15; --  software termination signal from kill 
   SIGUSR1    : constant := 10; --  user defined signal 1 
   SIGUSR2    : constant := 12; --  user defined signal 2 
   SIGCLD     : constant := 17; --  alias for SIGCHLD 
   SIGCHLD    : constant := 17; --  child status change 
   SIGPWR     : constant := 30; --  power-fail restart 
   SIGWINCH   : constant := 28; --  window size change 
   SIGURG     : constant := 23; --  urgent condition on IO channel 
   SIGPOLL    : constant := 29; --  pollable event occurred 
   SIGIO      : constant := 29; --  I/O now possible (4.2 BSD) 
   SIGLOST    : constant := 29; --  File lock lost 
   SIGSTOP    : constant := 19; --  stop (cannot be caught or ignored) 
   SIGTSTP    : constant := 20; --  user stop requested from tty 
   SIGCONT    : constant := 18; --  stopped process has been continued 
   SIGTTIN    : constant := 21; --  background tty read attempted 
   SIGTTOU    : constant := 22; --  background tty write attempted 
   SIGVTALRM  : constant := 26; --  virtual timer expired 
   SIGPROF    : constant := 27; --  profiling timer expired 
   SIGXCPU    : constant := 24; --  CPU time limit exceeded 
   SIGXFSZ    : constant := 25; --  filesize limit exceeded 
   SIGUNUSED  : constant := 31; --  unused signal (GNU/Linux) 
   SIGSTKFLT  : constant := 16; --  coprocessor stack fault (GNU/Linux) 

   SIGADAABORT : constant := SIGABRT; 
   --  Change this if you want to use another signal for task abort.
   --  SIGTERM might be a good one.

   type Signal_Set is array (Natural range <>) of Signal; 

   Unmasked    : constant Signal_Set := 
     (SIGTRAP, SIGBUS, SIGTTIN, SIGTTOU, SIGTSTP, SIGPROF);

   Reserved    : constant Signal_Set := 
     (SIGKILL, SIGSTOP, SIGALRM, SIGVTALRM, SIGUNUSED);

   type sigset_t is private; 

   function sigaddset (set : access sigset_t; sig : Signal) return int; 
   pragma Import (C, sigaddset, "sigaddset");

   function sigdelset (set : access sigset_t; sig : Signal) return int; 
   pragma Import (C, sigdelset, "sigdelset");

   function sigfillset (set : access sigset_t) return int; 
   pragma Import (C, sigfillset, "sigfillset");

   function sigismember (set : access sigset_t; sig : Signal) return int; 
   pragma Import (C, sigismember, "sigismember");

   function sigemptyset (set : access sigset_t) return int; 
   pragma Import (C, sigemptyset, "sigemptyset");

   type struct_sigaction is record 
      sa_handler  : System.Address; 
      sa_mask     : sigset_t; 
      sa_flags    : unsigned_long; 
      sa_restorer : System.Address; 
   end record;
   pragma Convention (C, struct_sigaction);
   type struct_sigaction_ptr is access all struct_sigaction; 

   type Machine_State is record 
      eip : unsigned_long; 
      ebx : unsigned_long; 
      esp : unsigned_long; 
      ebp : unsigned_long; 
      esi : unsigned_long; 
      edi : unsigned_long; 
   end record;
   type Machine_State_Ptr is access all Machine_State; 

   SIG_BLOCK   : constant := 0; 
   SIG_UNBLOCK : constant := 1; 
   SIG_SETMASK : constant := 2; 

   SIG_DFL : constant := 0; 
   SIG_IGN : constant := 1; 

   function sigaction 
     (sig  : Signal; 
      act  : struct_sigaction_ptr; 
      oact : struct_sigaction_ptr) return int; 
   pragma Import (C, sigaction, "sigaction");

   ----------
   -- Time --
   ----------

   Time_Slice_Supported : constant Boolean := False; 
   --  Indicates wether time slicing is supported (i.e FSU threads have been
   --  compiled with DEF_RR)

   type timespec is private; 

   type clockid_t is private; 

   CLOCK_REALTIME : constant clockid_t; 

   function clock_gettime 
     (clock_id : clockid_t; 
      tp       : access timespec) return int; 
   pragma Import (C, clock_gettime, "clock_gettime");

   function To_Duration (TS : timespec) return Duration; 
   pragma Inline (To_Duration);

   function To_Timespec (D : Duration) return timespec; 
   pragma Inline (To_Timespec);

   type struct_timeval is private; 

   function To_Duration (TV : struct_timeval) return Duration; 
   pragma Inline (To_Duration);

   function To_Timeval (D : Duration) return struct_timeval; 
   pragma Inline (To_Timeval);

   -------------------------
   -- Priority Scheduling --
   -------------------------

   SCHED_FIFO  : constant := 0; 
   SCHED_RR    : constant := 1; 
   SCHED_OTHER : constant := 2; 

   -------------
   -- Process --
   -------------

   type pid_t is private; 

   function kill (pid : pid_t; sig : Signal) return int; 
   pragma Import (C, kill, "kill");

   function getpid return pid_t; 
   pragma Import (C, getpid, "getpid");

   ---------
   -- LWP --
   ---------

   function lwp_self return System.Address; 
   --  lwp_self does not exist on this thread library, revert to pthread_self
   --  which is the closest approximation (with getpid). This function is
   --  needed to share 7staprop.adb across POSIX-like targets.
   pragma Import (C, lwp_self, "pthread_self");

   -------------
   -- Threads --
   -------------

   type Thread_Body is access 
     function (arg : System.Address) return System.Address; 
   type pthread_t           is private; 
   subtype Thread_Id        is pthread_t; 

   type pthread_mutex_t     is limited private; 
   type pthread_cond_t      is limited private; 
   type pthread_attr_t      is limited private; 
   type pthread_mutexattr_t is limited private; 
   type pthread_condattr_t  is limited private; 
   type pthread_key_t       is private; 

   PTHREAD_CREATE_DETACHED : constant := 1; 

   -----------
   -- Stack --
   -----------

   Stack_Base_Available : constant Boolean := False; 
   --  Indicates wether the stack base is available on this target.
   --  This allows us to share s-osinte.adb between all the FSU run time.
   --  Note that this value can only be true if pthread_t has a complete
   --  definition that corresponds exactly to the C header files.

   function Get_Stack_Base (thread : pthread_t) return Address; 
   pragma Inline (Get_Stack_Base);
   --  returns the stack base of the specified thread.
   --  Only call this function when Stack_Base_Available is True.

   function Get_Page_Size return size_t; 
   function Get_Page_Size return Address; 
   pragma Import (C, Get_Page_Size, "getpagesize");
   --  returns the size of a page, or 0 if this is not relevant on this
   --  target

   PROT_NONE  : constant := 0; 
   PROT_READ  : constant := 1; 
   PROT_WRITE : constant := 2; 
   PROT_EXEC  : constant := 4; 
   PROT_ALL   : constant := PROT_READ + PROT_WRITE + PROT_EXEC; 

   PROT_ON    : constant := PROT_NONE; 
   PROT_OFF   : constant := PROT_ALL; 

   function mprotect (addr : Address; len : size_t; prot : int) return int; 
   pragma Import (C, mprotect);

   ---------------------------------------
   -- Nonstandard Thread Initialization --
   ---------------------------------------

   procedure pthread_init; 
   --  FSU_THREADS requires pthread_init, which is nonstandard
   --  and this should be invoked during the elaboration of s-taprop.adb
   pragma Import (C, pthread_init, "pthread_init");

   -------------------------
   -- POSIX.1c  Section 3 --
   -------------------------

   function sigwait 
     (set : access sigset_t; 
      sig : access Signal) return int; 
   pragma Inline (sigwait);
   --  FSU_THREADS has a nonstandard sigwait

   function pthread_kill 
     (thread : pthread_t; 
      sig    : Signal) return int; 
   pragma Import (C, pthread_kill, "pthread_kill");

   --  FSU threads does not have pthread_sigmask. Instead, it uses
   --  sigprocmask to do the signal handling when the thread library is
   --  sucked in.

   type sigset_t_ptr is access all sigset_t; 

   function pthread_sigmask 
     (how  : int; 
      set  : sigset_t_ptr; 
      oset : sigset_t_ptr) return int; 
   pragma Import (C, pthread_sigmask, "sigprocmask");

   --------------------------
   -- POSIX.1c  Section 11 --
   --------------------------

   function pthread_mutexattr_init 
     (attr : access pthread_mutexattr_t) return int; 
   pragma Import (C, pthread_mutexattr_init, "pthread_mutexattr_init");

   function pthread_mutexattr_destroy 
     (attr : access pthread_mutexattr_t) return int; 
   pragma Import (C, pthread_mutexattr_destroy, "pthread_mutexattr_destroy");

   function pthread_mutex_init 
     (mutex : access pthread_mutex_t; 
      attr  : access pthread_mutexattr_t) return int; 
   pragma Import (C, pthread_mutex_init, "pthread_mutex_init");

   function pthread_mutex_destroy 
     (mutex : access pthread_mutex_t) return  int; 
   pragma Import (C, pthread_mutex_destroy, "pthread_mutex_destroy");

   function pthread_mutex_lock 
     (mutex : access pthread_mutex_t) return int; 
   pragma Inline (pthread_mutex_lock);
   --  FSU_THREADS has nonstandard pthread_mutex_lock

   function pthread_mutex_unlock 
     (mutex : access pthread_mutex_t) return int; 
   pragma Inline (pthread_mutex_unlock);
   --  FSU_THREADS has nonstandard pthread_mutex_lock

   function pthread_condattr_init 
     (attr : access pthread_condattr_t) return int; 
   pragma Import (C, pthread_condattr_init, "pthread_condattr_init");

   function pthread_condattr_destroy 
     (attr : access pthread_condattr_t) return int; 
   pragma Import (C, pthread_condattr_destroy, "pthread_condattr_destroy");

   function pthread_cond_init 
     (cond : access pthread_cond_t; 
      attr : access pthread_condattr_t) return int; 
   pragma Import (C, pthread_cond_init, "pthread_cond_init");

   function pthread_cond_destroy (cond : access pthread_cond_t) return int; 
   pragma Import (C, pthread_cond_destroy, "pthread_cond_destroy");

   function pthread_cond_signal (cond : access pthread_cond_t) return int; 
   pragma Import (C, pthread_cond_signal, "pthread_cond_signal");

   function pthread_cond_wait 
     (cond  : access pthread_cond_t; 
      mutex : access pthread_mutex_t) return int; 
   pragma Inline (pthread_cond_wait);
   --  FSU_THREADS has a nonstandard pthread_cond_wait

   function pthread_cond_timedwait 
     (cond    : access pthread_cond_t; 
      mutex   : access pthread_mutex_t; 
      abstime : access timespec) return int; 
   pragma Inline (pthread_cond_timedwait);
   --  FSU_THREADS has a nonstandard pthread_cond_timedwait

   Relative_Timed_Wait : constant Boolean := False; 
   --  pthread_cond_timedwait requires an absolute delay time

   --------------------------
   -- POSIX.1c  Section 13 --
   --------------------------

   PTHREAD_PRIO_NONE    : constant := 0; 
   PTHREAD_PRIO_PROTECT : constant := 2; 
   PTHREAD_PRIO_INHERIT : constant := 1; 

   function pthread_mutexattr_setprotocol 
     (attr     : access pthread_mutexattr_t; 
      protocol : int) return int; 
   pragma Import (C, pthread_mutexattr_setprotocol);

   function pthread_mutexattr_setprioceiling 
     (attr        : access pthread_mutexattr_t; 
      prioceiling : int) return int; 
   pragma Import
     (C, pthread_mutexattr_setprioceiling,
      "pthread_mutexattr_setprio_ceiling");

   type struct_sched_param is record 
      sched_priority : int;  --  scheduling priority 
   end record;

   function pthread_setschedparam 
     (thread : pthread_t; 
      policy : int; 
      param  : access struct_sched_param) return int; 
   pragma Inline (pthread_setschedparam);
   --  FSU_THREADS does not have pthread_setschedparam

   function pthread_attr_setscope 
     (attr            : access pthread_attr_t; 
      contentionscope : int) return int; 
   pragma Import (C, pthread_attr_setscope, "pthread_attr_setscope");

   function pthread_attr_setinheritsched 
     (attr         : access pthread_attr_t; 
      inheritsched : int) return int; 
   pragma Import (C, pthread_attr_setinheritsched);

   function pthread_attr_setschedpolicy 
     (attr   : access pthread_attr_t; 
      policy : int) return int; 
   pragma Import (C, pthread_attr_setschedpolicy, "pthread_attr_setsched");

   function sched_yield return int; 
   pragma Inline (sched_yield);
   --  FSU_THREADS does not have sched_yield;

   ---------------------------
   -- P1003.1c - Section 16 --
   ---------------------------

   function pthread_attr_init (attributes : access pthread_attr_t) return int; 
   pragma Import (C, pthread_attr_init, "pthread_attr_init");

   function pthread_attr_destroy 
     (attributes : access pthread_attr_t) return int; 
   pragma Import (C, pthread_attr_destroy, "pthread_attr_destroy");

   function pthread_attr_setdetachstate 
     (attr        : access pthread_attr_t; 
      detachstate : int) return int; 
   pragma Inline (pthread_attr_setdetachstate);
   --  FSU_THREADS has a nonstandard pthread_attr_setdetachstate

   function pthread_attr_setstacksize 
     (attr      : access pthread_attr_t; 
      stacksize : size_t) return int; 
   pragma Import (C, pthread_attr_setstacksize, "pthread_attr_setstacksize");

   function pthread_create 
     (thread        : access pthread_t; 
      attributes    : access pthread_attr_t; 
      start_routine : Thread_Body; 
      arg           : System.Address) return int; 
   pragma Import (C, pthread_create, "pthread_create");

   procedure pthread_exit (status : System.Address); 
   pragma Import (C, pthread_exit, "pthread_exit");

   function pthread_self return pthread_t; 
   pragma Import (C, pthread_self, "pthread_self");

   --------------------------
   -- POSIX.1c  Section 17 --
   --------------------------

   function pthread_setspecific 
     (key   : pthread_key_t; 
      value : System.Address) return int; 
   pragma Import (C, pthread_setspecific, "pthread_setspecific");

   function pthread_getspecific (key : pthread_key_t) return System.Address; 
   pragma Inline (pthread_getspecific);
   --  FSU_THREADS has a nonstandard pthread_getspecific

   type destructor_pointer is access procedure (arg : System.Address); 

   function pthread_key_create 
     (key        : access pthread_key_t; 
      destructor : destructor_pointer) return int; 
   pragma Import (C, pthread_key_create, "pthread_key_create");

private

   type sigset_t is array (0 .. 31) of unsigned_long; 
   pragma Convention (C, sigset_t);
   --  This is for GNU libc version 2 but should be backward compatible with
   --  other libc where sigset_t is smaller.

   type pid_t is new int; 

   type time_t is new long; 

   type timespec is record 
      tv_sec  : time_t; 
      tv_nsec : long; 
   end record;
   pragma Convention (C, timespec);

   type clockid_t is new int; 
   CLOCK_REALTIME : constant clockid_t := 0; 

   type struct_timeval is record 
      tv_sec  : long; 
      tv_usec : long; 
   end record;
   pragma Convention (C, struct_timeval);

   type pthread_attr_t is record 
      flags           : int; 
      stacksize       : int; 
      contentionscope : int; 
      inheritsched    : int; 
      detachstate     : int; 
      sched           : int; 
      prio            : int; 
      starttime       : timespec; 
      deadline        : timespec; 
      period          : timespec; 
   end record;
   pragma Convention (C_Pass_By_Copy, pthread_attr_t);

   type pthread_condattr_t is record 
      flags : int; 
   end record;
   pragma Convention (C, pthread_condattr_t);

   type pthread_mutexattr_t is record 
      flags        : int; 
      prio_ceiling : int; 
      protocol     : int; 
   end record;
   pragma Convention (C, pthread_mutexattr_t);

   type sigjmp_buf is array (Integer range 0 .. 38) of int; 

   type pthread_t_struct is record 
      context    : sigjmp_buf; 
      pbody      : sigjmp_buf; 
      errno      : int; 
      ret        : int; 
      stack_base : System.Address; 
   end record;
   pragma Convention (C, pthread_t_struct);

   type pthread_t is access all pthread_t_struct; 

   type queue_t is record 
      head : System.Address; 
      tail : System.Address; 
   end record;
   pragma Convention (C, queue_t);

   type pthread_mutex_t is record 
      queue                 : queue_t; 
      lock                  : plain_char; 
      owner                 : System.Address; 
      flags                 : int; 
      prio_ceiling          : int; 
      protocol              : int; 
      prev_max_ceiling_prio : int; 
   end record;
   pragma Convention (C, pthread_mutex_t);

   type pthread_cond_t is record 
      queue        : queue_t; 
      flags        : int; 
      waiters      : int; 
      mutex        : System.Address; 
   end record;
   pragma Convention (C, pthread_cond_t);

   type pthread_key_t is new int; 

end System.OS_Interface;